Degus are great pets for older children and adults. They're friendly, inquisitive and easy to look after. With lots of attention they can become very tame. Degus are very intelligent and love to play and explore. They usually live between six to eight years.
Degus should be kept in same-sex pairs or in groups of up to 6, as they thrive in this social situation. They tend to be happier and healthier when they have a play mate and it means that they can snuggle up with one another when they're asleep. If you plan for your degus to live together you should buy them at the same time as they'll already be friends. It can be very hard to introduce degus to one another later in life.
Degus are par t of the rodent family and love to chew everything. Therefore, it's essential that you buy an appropriate cage from which they can't escape. A wire cage is a good choice but it's impor tant that it has a solid (rather than mesh) base to prevent your pets developing problems with their paws.
Degus are very active, like to climb and need space to exercise. Ideally, their cage should have several levels or shelves as degus love to bound around from one level to another! Keep the cage out of direct sunlight and damp spots and away from anything which may cause rapid temperature fluctuations such as radiators or draughts. Degus don't like high temperatures so don't keep them in an overly warm room.
You should provide a large wooden nesting box full of hay for them to sleep in. Clean branches from stoneless fruit trees such as an apple tree will provide entertainment as will gnawing blocks. Cuttlebone is great for chewing on and provides calcium. Wooden and woven toys made from natural materials are always welcome â€“ you'll find these in your local Pets at Home store.
There are a few specific diets for degus and Pets at Home degu nuggets are recommended for your pets. It's important to feed them what they're used to as this will help to prevent stress caused by changing their food at the same time as their surroundings. Good quality hay, such as Timothy hay, should always be available as should fresh water in a sturdy bottle.
Never feed your pets foods that are high in fat or sugar (sucrose, glucose, fructose) or honey as this can cause diabetes and will make them very ill. Fresh (not dried) fruits in very small quantities make ideal occasional treats.
Pets at Home stocks a selection of small animal treat sticks which may be given to your pets occasionally. However, you must check that they're specifically designed for Degus as some treats will be too big for them and may contain sugar.
Vitamin supplements are useful to ensure your degus remain in optimum health and mineral treats are also popular.
You'll need to buy a sturdy feeding bowl that is hard to tip over such as a heavy earthenware or stainless steel bowl. Uneaten food should be removed everyday and the food bowl and bottle should be cleaned and refilled daily.
Always keep more than one degu in a cage to provide companionship.
Your pets' lives can be enriched by providing them with toys and stimulating natural behaviour. For example, hiding treats around the cage keeps them amused and stimulates natural feeding. Branches, shelves, different levels and tubes provide hideaway holes for food similar to those they'd find in the wild. It's important to replace their toys and rearrange he contents of their cage regularly to stop them from becoming bored.
Time spent outside the cage should be built up slowly and carefully supervised as degus move very quickly. Do not allow them out in your kitchen or bathroom as there are many hazards and they may chew on electrical cables. A small pet playpen is useful. Many parrot toys are excellent for degus especially if they're wooden and chewable! A large runner ball is ideal for burning off energy and you won't have to worry about your pet escaping.
When you take your degus home, allow them a few days to get used to their new surroundings without being disturbed. You should then start talking to them quietly so that they get used to your voice.
The next step is to introduce your hand into their cage and perhaps offer a treat. Once they're comfortable with you, you can pick them up. Hold your pet close to your chest so that it’s facing you with one hand over its back and the other hand supporting its bottom. It’s important that you handle your pets regularly to develop their confidence and maintain your relationship with them. Degus do wriggle a lot but once they’re at ease with you, they may sit on you and allow you to stroke them.
Never pick a degu up by its tail. This could harm your pet and is very painful.
Degus are very clean pets. Their cage and toys should be cleaned thoroughly at least once a week using a pet-safe disinfectant.
With the right care and attention degus are usually problem free. Avoiding sugary foods is vital to avoid diabetes. Feeding them correctly will help to avoid issues in later life. As with all pets you should ensure that your degus are kept in clean and hygienic conditions.
If your pet shows any signs of being unwell contact your vet immediately.
Gnawing toys are an essential part of your pets’ dental routine and should always be available as they help to prevent overgrown teeth.
Vitamins and supplements
Vitamins can be added to your pets’ food or water. Probiotic supplements can help to maintain healthy digestion and relieve stress. Getting used to their new surroundings can be stressful for your degus so consider buying probiotic supplements before you take them home.
Providing a dust bath filled with chinchilla sand several times a week will enable your degus to groom themselves, keeping their coats clean and shiny. Dust baths should be removed after half an hour or so to prevent them from becoming soiled.
Cleaning and hygiene
Clean your pet’s home at least once a week using a pet-safe disinfectant.
- Degu cage
- Nest box
- Small animal litter
- Timothy hay
- Pets at Home Degu nuggets
- Sturdy food bowl
- Water bottle
- Mineral stone
- Vitamin supplement
- Bottle brush
- Dust bath
- Chinchilla dust
- Large tubes and wooden toys
- Gnawing sticks or chews
- Pet-safe disinfectant
- Book on degus